Marzo 13, 2019
8 out of 10 households in Maracaibo reported that both children and adults are not perceiving a nutritious diet, affirming that once in the last three months they have had an unhealthy diet based of lack of nutritious food. This perception is ratified with the habits of consumptions in the households of the families on Maracaibo: proteins such as grains and meats of beef and chicken are only consumed at lunchtime, and only in 8% of the households. This data was collected from the Survey on Food Security in the city of Maracaibo conducted by the Commission for Human Rights of the State of Zulia (Codhez), conducted on the first days of September, which is based on the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA). The survey took place in 800 households of 18 districts of Maracaibo, interviewing, in accordance to their population, between 30 and 80 households per district.
The foods most people consume during breakfast are cheese (28.2%), margarine (19%) and arepa (18.7%), followed by bread (12.6%) and yuca (7.6%). During lunch: rice (26.2%), pasta (14.3%), vegetables (12%), and to a lesser degree, chicken (8.4%), grains (8,3%) and beef (8,1%). During dinner, cheese (26,3%), arepa (21%), margarine (17%) and yuca (10,6%). The plantain, fundamental in Zulias tradition, is barely use during breakfast (2,3%), lunch (3,5%) and dinner (6,3%). In general, Maracaibos residents have a diet based on carbohydrates (arepa, rice, bread, pasta, plantain and yuca) than animal protein (beef, chicken, eggs, fish) and vegetable (grains), with a strong presence of dairy (milk and cheese) and fats (margarine) and low consumption of vegetables and fruits these food groups are based in the categories established by the last National Nutrition Survey released in 2015 by the National Institute of Statistics. During that time, the foods most consumed by Venezuelan families were arepa, cheese and eggs during breakfast; rice, vegetables, grains, pasta, beef, and chicken during lunch; and arepa, rice, cheese, eggs and chicken during dinner.